Partner Clif Squibb presented a paper, Title Issues in Mineral and Royalty Transactions, at the 2020 Oil, Gas & Mineral Title Examination Course sponsored by the State Bar of Texas. The paper discusses key considerations for buyers and sellers when entering into agreements for the purchase and sale of mineral and royalty interests, including: enforceability of simple agreements; description and grant formulation alternatives; quantification metrics and title-defect issues; problems that may arise in connection with the intermediation of interests; and certain strategies and practices that may be encountered in the marketplace. Copies of the paper are available upon request.